At DARE PRODUCTS we have been making quality electric fencing products since 1946. We hope this information will help you build an effective electric fence that will accomplish your purpose.
Keep in mind that electric fencing is NOT complicated. However it must be installed correctly to work properly.
ALL ELECTRIC FENCES CONSIST OF THREE EQUALLY IMPORTANT ITEMS...
TEMPORARY ELECTRIC FENCES
Temporary electric fences are used to control animals inside a permanent fence, usually consisting of one or two wires attached to plastic or metal rod posts. They are easy to install, move, and take down.
PERMANENT ELECTRIC FENCES
Permanent electric fences are used to fence animals inside a property, fence out predators, and separate breeding animals. A permanent fence usually consists of multiple wires attached to steel “T” posts or wood posts.
The type of animals to be controlled will determine material selection.
Buy the most powerful fence charger (energizer) you can afford. “Miles of Fence” means nothing, keeping animals under control is your goal. Buy a Five-O-Lite or digital voltmeter specifically designed for electric fence to check voltage on your fence regularly.
There are three types of fence chargers...
Always use high-quality insulators. DARE brand insulators and energizers are designed for ease of installation and durability. Use the appropriate designed insulator, specific to the fencing material being electrified. Cheap insulators and incorrect installation are a major cause of electric fence problems. Use insulated cable designed for electric fencing (see DARE catalog or visit www.Dareproducts.com/products).
TEMPORARY ELECTRIC FENCES
PERMANENT ELECTRIC FENCES
NOTE: Electric Fences should to be kept clean of vegetation. No matter how powerful your fence charger claims to be, weeds and grass touching the wires will reduce voltage and can make your fence less effective.
* Electric Fencing is a pychological barrier—animals remember and will stay away for the most part.
Install the fence, fence charger and ground system.
Before connecting the fence charger to the fence and ground system, turn it on and check the voltage with your digital voltmeter. It should read 5,000 volts +. Now connect the fence and ground system and check the voltage again. If the voltage drops more than 2,000 volts then you have a problem in the fence or your fence charger isn’t powerful enough. Models DE 20, DE 60 and DE 80 will register only 2,000+ on a clean fence.
Check the fencing problem solver to resolve most trouble areas of your electric fence.
Check your fence at the farthest point from the fence charger. Touch probe on top of the tester to an electrified wire and touch the other lead to the ground. This will tell you how much voltage, which is the speed the energy is being delivered to your animals. A minimum of 2,000 – 3,000 volts is necessary to containg most animals. A properly constructed electric fence will have 5,000 to 8,000 volts, depending on your Fence Charger. That might sound like a lot but electric fences emit an extremely short electric pulse that is harmless for animals and people of all ages, but will get your attention.
|Animal|| Minimum recomended
voltage on fence line
|Horses||2,000 - 3,000 volts|
|Cows||2,000 - 3,000 volts|
|Bulls||3,000 - 4,000 volts|
|Sheep/Goats||4,000 - 5,000 volts|
|Nuisance Pets||1,000 - 2,000 volts|
|Pigs||2,000 - 3,000 volts|
|Wolves/Predators||4,000 - 5,000 volts|
|Bison/Deer||4,000 - 5,000 volts|
|Pets||700 - 1,000 volts|
NOTE: An electric fence requires regular checks to make sure it is working properly. Check the voltage at least once a day if possible. Walk the fence on a regular basis looking for broken insulators, loose connections and other potential problems.
GROUNDING SYSTEM TEST
Install posts and wires and gates. Space wires according to the type of animal you want to control. * RULE OF THUMB: Hot wires should touch the animals at the chest and/or nose and the back of the neck on grazing animals.
Gates require extra care to run voltage from one side of the gate to the other. We recommend running insulated cable in plastic pipe under the gate (make sure to seal the ends of the pipe to keep out water.) Connect all electrified wires together at gates and corners to increase voltage the length of the fence.
NOTE: Connect the fence charger so it charges the fence from the middle, not the end, if possible.
Electric fence works because animals are afraid to touch it, but they must learn that touching the fence will shock them. Put animals behind a new electric fence during daylight hours, giving them a chance to see it. If necessary put some hay or grain under the fence to speed up the “learning” process. It can take up to three days to train animals to your fence.
NOTE: It's best not to turn off an electric fence if animals are behind it.
KEEPING ANIMALS OUT
Electric fences can be used to keep out dogs, predators, deer, and other pests. Fencing animals out requires more wires, posts as well as a more powerful fence charger for higher voltage (5,000 volts minimum). Pest/predator fences must be checked constantly. For best results keep the fence completely clear of vegetation for several feet on both sides of the fence.